Cancer Cell Membrane-Coated Adjuvant Nanoparticles with Mannose Modification for Effective Anticancer Vaccination
Rong Yang, Jun Xu, Ligeng Xu*, Xiaoqi Sun, Qian Chen, Yuhuan Zhao, Rui Peng* , and Zhuang Liu*
Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, China.
Tumor vaccines for cancer prevention and treatment have attracted tremendous interests in the area of cancer immunotherapy in recent years. In this work, we present a strategy to construct cancer vaccines by encapsulating immune-adjuvant nanoparticles with cancer cell membranes modified by mannose. Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles are first loaded with toll-like receptor 7 agonist, imiquimod (R837). Those adjuvant nanoparticles (NP-R) are then coated with cancer cell membranes (NP-R@M), whose surface proteins could act as tumor-specific antigens. With further modification with mannose moiety (NP-R@M-M), the obtained nanovaccine shows enhanced uptake by antigen presenting cells such as dendritic cells, which would then be stimulated to the maturation status to trigger antitumor immune responses. With great efficacy to delay tumor development as a prevention vaccine, vaccination with such NP-R@M-M in combination with checkpoint-blockade therapy further demonstrates outstanding therapeutic efficacy to treat established tumors. Therefore, our work presents an innovative way to fabricate cancer nanovaccines, which in principle may be applied for a wide range of tumor types.